Example of Phlebotomy Tutorial

There are tutorials, and then there are Tutorials. Naturally, the courses are specialized within the health discipline and should be of a high standard. There are, of course, many ways to teach the same skills, and it is wise to find out exactly what the school is offering in the way of course objectives and outcomes.

We recommend that you find out as much as possible about the actual course. What is the content of the program? What does it provide? What processes, regulations and medical equipment will you learn?

phlebotomist tutorial

Here is an example of a tutorial program by the University of Utah.

Tutorial | Phlebotomy

“Blood collection, routine venipuncture and specimen handling”

Objectives for the tutorial:

  • Describe and perform the venipuncture process including:
    1. Proper patient identification procedures.
    2. Proper equipment selection and use.
    3. Proper labeling procedures and completion of laboratory requisitions.
    4. Order of draw for multiple tube phlebotomy.
    5. Preferred venous access sites, and factors to consider in site selection, and ability to differentiate between the feel of a vein, tendon and artery.
    6. Patient care following completion of venipuncture.
    7. Safety and infection control procedures.
    8. Quality assurance issues.
  • Identify the additive, additive function, volume, and specimen considerations to be followed for each of the various color coded tubes.
  • List six areas to be avoided when performing venipuncture and the reasons for the restrictions.
  • Summarize the problems that may be encountered in accessing a vein, including the procedure to follow when a specimen is not obtained.
  • List several effects of exercise, posture, and tourniquet application upon laboratory values.

Read more here:




Schools will provide you their training program information prior to the enrollment process, or upon request. With many of them you will find it on their website. Make a point of reading through the program objectives, content and training requirements before selecting a school to attend. This will ensure that you don’t waste your money enrolling for a course that won’t give you the job skills and qualifications that you need to get ahead in your phlebotomy career.

Be Very Careful Before Paying For a Phlebotomist Training Program

When you’re looking for training in the allied health field, it is vital to do some research into the school that you’re thinking of enrolling with. We always insist that the student look closely at both the training and the school offering it. Otherwise you may end up with an unhealthy debt and a qualification that isn’t worth the paper it is printed on. Check out this story by Marimer Matos.

Students Blast Virginia College in Federal Court

Phlebotomy training

“Seven students claim in court that Virginia College, which got $293 million in federal student loan aid last year, lures minorities into its medical assistance program at up to $20,000 a pop for ‘worthless degrees.’

Lead plaintiff Tiffeny Anderson sued Virginia College and the Education Corporation of America, in Federal Court. Both defendants are based in Birmingham, Ala.

The students claim the school’s medical assistant program ‘did not meet the minimal standards set by its own accrediting agency.’ And, they say, ‘the fraudulent practices of Virginia College, and its failure to adequately train, educate, and certify plaintiffs has left them deeply in debt, unable to find employment, and unable to make minimum monthly payments on their student loans. The plaintiffs are left with the choice of either staying in perpetual deferment – causing loan balances to skyrocket – or facing default.'”



We can’t stress enough how you must be careful about where and how you get your phlebotomy training. However there are many excellent schools offering just what you need, and with the right attitude and attention you will get the best education for a happy and rewarding career!

Order of Draw

Order of Draw

When drawing blood for multiple tube collections, it is important to take into consideration proper venipuncture technique and correct order of draw. Taking these factors seriously can lessen discomfort and complications for your patient, lessen procedure time, and prevent errors in diagnosis caused by cross contamination of additives between blood collection tubes.

Please watch this video for information about order of draw.

Venipuncture Procedure

The first thing to consider when it comes to drawing blood is to ensure that proper aseptic technique is followed. Also, see to it that you have all the equipment you need for your specific phlebotomy procedure: these include your needles, syringes, tourniquets, collection tubes, cotton balls, plaster, and labeling tools. Lastly, before sending off your specimen for analysis, you should double-check your labels to confirm that the right names are on the right tubes, and that the tubes are sent off to the right diagnostic procedures.

Order of Draw, Phlebotomy

phlebotomy order of draw

Proper equipment and procedure is essential

The major reason behind establishing a certain order of draw when doing venipuncture for multiple tube collections is to avoid any cross contamination of the chemical additives between different tubes. Cross contamination of these additives can massively change the results and may consequently lead to misdiagnosis and mistreatment of the patient.

The basic order of draw followed by most phlebotomy laboratories is as follows:

  1. Yellow Top (or Yellow-Black). This tube is used for blood cultures.
  2. Light Blue. This tube contains sodium citrate, and is used for coagulation assays. A full draw is required with this tube.
  3. Red. This tube does not contain any additives.
  4. Gray (with Red) or Gold. This is the serum separator tube (SST) containing a clot activator and a gel separator.
  5. Dark Green. This tube contains sodium heparin anticoagulant.
  6. Light Green. This is the plasma separating tube (PST) containing lithium heparin anticoagulant and a gel separator.
  7. Lavender. This tube contains EDTA (Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid).
  8. Pale Yellow. This tube contains acid citrate dextrose.
  9. Light Gray. This tube contains oxalate or fluoride.

Each tube should be thoroughly mixed by inverting the tube 8-10 times. Exceptions to this rule are the Light Blue tube, which is to be mixed by inverting 3-4 times, and the Red tubes (non-additive and SST), which are to be mixed by inverting 5 times.

Important Exceptions to the Basic Order of Draw

order of draw phlebotomy

You need to know the order of draw

Although not exactly an exception, one important thing to note about the order of draw is that the second and third tubes are often reversed. The non-additive tube (Red Tube) is often drawn first when there is a particular concern for the contamination of the red tube with tissue fluids or thromboplastins if it were to follow the light blue tube. In most cases, however, the light blue tube is drawn first, as it requires a full draw before any specimen can be sent for analysis.

When using a butterfly needle for collection and no blood cultures are being required, a discard tube should be the first draw. This discard tube, preferably a non-additive tube, serves to draw out the “dead space” of the tubing of the butterfly needle set. This ensures that the correct blood-to-additive ratio is maintained in the different collection tubes.

Basic Mnemonic for the Proper Order of Draw

Most phlebotomy laboratories have an order of draw chart that is either made by the laboratory itself, or one that is produced by the manufacturer of the phlebotomy tubes used by the lab. Without these charts, however, you need to know the basic order of draw from heart. This mnemonic, basically a phrase that holds true for all members of the medical industry, is a good way for you to easily recall the proper order of draw.

You Better Read, not Get Downright Lazy, LOVE, or You’ll Probably Lose Greatly.

Which stands for:

Yellow – Light Blue – Red – Gray (with Red) or Gold – Dark Green – Light Green – Lovender (Lavander) – Yellow (Pale) – Light Gray

Venipuncture Tips

A simple tip to take note when doing venipuncture for multiple tube collections is to keep your patient calm. Patients tend to be a little apprehensive when multiple tubes are taken, so it becomes your responsibility to assure them that you are there to do your job as best as you can, and that you will do your best to keep them as comfortable as possible. Also, you have to make sure that all of your collections use the right procedure and equipment. Using the wrong needle size, or drawing blood too quickly may cause your specimen to be unsuitable for analysis.

What is Venipuncture?

What is Venipuncture?

The most important diagnostic tools in the world of medicine often involve the usage of blood. This is due to the fact that blood is a rich source of information on the current state of a person’s body. Blood contains blood components (red blood cells, white blood cells, plasma, and platelets), enzymes, protein, and other elements that, in totality, either give someone a clean bill of health, or indicate certain pathologies and their corresponding intensity. It is, therefore, of utmost importance that the method with which blood is being drawn from a patient ensures that the blood samples taken are of the highest quality suitable for testing.

Venipuncture Definition

Venipuncture, a term often used interchangeably with phlebotomy, is defined by most sources as the surgical puncturing of a vein, as for the withdrawal of blood and administration of nutrients, fluid, and medication intravenously. Venipuncture definition doesn’t differ much across different sources, as it essentially holds the same meaning across different medical institutions. It is ranked to be one of the most common invasive medical procedures and is performed for a number of reasons, the most important of which is blood analysis.

Routine Venipuncture

what is venipuncture

Surgical precision is required

Based on venipuncture definition, it can be concluded that routine venipuncture is a delicate and invasive procedure. These being some of its identifying characteristics, it is imperative that a phlebotomist knows all the steps there is to its successful completion by heart.


The first step there is to a routine venipuncture is to identify your patient. Make sure that the patient listed on your requisition form is the one waiting for you in your station. Check your patient’s disposition. If he or she is too distressed, get someone to calm the patient down prior to the procedure. Remember that drawing blood from a distressed, angry, or unwilling patient can only cause more harm than good.

Once you have your patient ready, prepare yourself and all the necessary equipment. Make sure that your hands are perfectly clean and sanitized. Check your requisition form for all the tests being called for, and prepare your tubes, needles, cotton balls, and other paraphernalia accordingly.

Lastly, prepare the puncture site. This is done by searching for the vein that is most palpable and by cleaning the puncture site using a cotton ball dipped in antiseptic. Clean your puncture site by rubbing it with your antiseptic-soaked cotton in a spiral motion, from the center towards the periphery. This is done to ensure that no recontamination of a previously cleaned section occurs.


After cleaning your puncture site, apply a tourniquet 3-4 inches above the site. Anchor your chosen vein with the thumb of your free hand. Get your needle and syringe, and make sure that the needle is locked to the syringe. Insert the needle to the vein with the bevel side up.

Sample Collection and Processing

Place your sample in the appropriate sample container. If the procedure is done for multiple tests calling for multiple collection tubes, the correct order of draw should be followed. Assess the quality of your samples. If the samples are found suitable for analysis, make sure that you label them correctly first before sending them off to the laboratory. Otherwise, start all over again, beginning with the preparation of your patient for another round of blood withdrawal.

Venipuncture training

Like most things, practice makes venipuncture perfect. One of the best ways to achieving the skills necessary for this procedure is by undergoing venipuncture training. There are many ways to go about completing your training, the most effective of which has to be hands-on training.

If you are currently attending phlebotomy school, a good way to ensure that you get the most out of your venipuncture training is to attend all hands-on training arranged by your school. These training sessions are often held in hospitals or other related medical institutions. These sessions can help you not only perfect the art and science of venipuncture, but also get you exposed to the general setting of your future workplace.

If you, however, are enrolled at an online training program that does not make the arrangements for you, call nearby health institutions and make the arrangements for yourself. Remember that this is a task that involves your hand, and that no amount of watching videos of other people doing it can prepare you as much as hands-on training would.

Phlebotomy Training Online Options

Phlebotomy Training Online: What, Why, and How

Choosing online phlebotomy training programs can be as much a matter of preference as accessibility. Phlebotomy training online has its advantages that have made it an obvious choice for many in recent years. However it is not without its demerits. It is vital that you know what online training can do for you, and how you should go about choosing a program that is right for you.

Phlebotomy training online

Online training is a convenient option

Phlebotomy Training Online and Offline: Similarities and Differences

With the onset of the World Wide Web, more and more people have chosen to do their business online, mostly due to accessibility and cost. This holds true even for acquiring additional skills and further education. Physical and virtual phlebotomy training programs differ, mostly, when it comes to classes and facilities for hands-on training.


Both physical and virtual training programs expose their students to the same basic knowledge: basic anatomy and physiology, blood composition, sampling procedures, lab safety, and basic life support and CPR. Physical training courses, however, tend to have rigid class schedules, whereas online training courses can be less imposing.

Another thing to note is that physical training programs tend to be relatively long – the most credible ones can last anywhere from 6 to 24 months. On the other hand, you have more options for training duration when it comes to phlebotomy training online. Some refresher training sessions can be finished within a matter of hours, whereas some programs for beginners can be finished in as little as a couple of weeks. More comprehensive programs, on the other hand, can last anywhere from a couple of months to a couple of years.

Facilities For Training

Most, if not all, brick-and-mortar phlebotomy training schools have predetermined practice schedules and locations arranged by the school. For many phlebotomy training online courses, however, the students will have to be the ones handling these arrangements. For those wishing to get certified at some point, getting some hands-on experience is of vital importance.

Those wishing to become phlebotomists who are currently affiliated with or employed at any health institution willing to offer hands-on phlebotomy training, may find online training to be a good option. For those who are going into phlebotomy from scratch, a wise option would be to enroll in a school that can make their hands-on training arrangements for them. This ideally means enrolling in a physical school, however an increasing number of online schools have been offering this service as well.

How to Make the Most Out of Your Phlebotomy Training Online

Prior to making your choice of which phlebotomy training online program to take, you have to weigh the benefits against cost and disadvantages. This is so you can get the most out of your investment and get the best edge when applying for certification and employment. The areas that you need to cover when making the decision should include accreditation, coverage and duration of the program, and cost.

Check for Accreditation

Enrolling in accredited training programs increases your chances of getting certified faster as well as getting hired faster. Accredited schools have more carefully designed curricula, which means you get the most relevant information and, essentially, the best value for your buck.

Other Considerations for Choosing a Program

Online phlebotomy training program

Start your career by taking online training

The first and most important things that you have to consider when choosing your program are coverage and duration. You have to make this decision based on your current level of skill and knowledge. Prior work and classroom exposure can make shorter refresher courses a better option, whereas little to no exposure calls for longer and more comprehensive programs.

Another consideration should be regarding hands-on training. It is best to enroll in a training program that does all the training arrangements for you. But if it isn’t much of a trouble to make those arrangements yourself, then you can make your choice regardless of a program’s offering on this aspect.

The last, but not the least, consideration concerns cost. Many phlebotomy training online programs have, basically, similar curricula. You would be surprised to find, however, just how varied the costs are between these similar programs. Do your research on the programs you have already shortlisted based on the curriculum you have in mind. Look for those who have finished the courses you want to take via the internet and interview them regarding their experiences with the course. These steps should be sufficient in giving you an idea regarding the programs that are worth your investment.

Learn About Medical Assistant Certification

Certification for Medical Assistant: Things You Should Know Before Applying

With the growth of the medical industry these past few decades, more and more professions have been designed to fill more specialized tasks. One of those professions is Medical Assisting. So much is the need for medical assistants in recent years that the job market is now being saturated with applicants hoping to find work in the field. In order to keep the quality of the profession up, however, more and more employers now look to hire applicants who have Medical Assistant Certification.

You will also get some useful information about MA in this short video.

What are the Responsibilities of a Medical Assistant?

The responsibilities of a medical assistant vary depending on the institution. In some institutions, they serve merely to complete administrative tasks for health practitioners, whereas in other institutions they can assist in more clinical tasks, such as phlebotomy. Regardless of the responsibilities and skills required for assistants, getting certification guarantees any medical assistant a higher pay.

What is Medical Assistant Certification?

Certification for medical assistant is a certification procedure given by the American Association of Medical Assistants (AAMA). The CMA-AAMA is a procedure used to gauge whether a person is fully capable of fulfilling the tasks of a medical assistant well. These tasks include, but are not limited to: administrative tasks, such as filling out billing and coding forms, giving medication to patients, phlebotomy, and taking vital signs.

Why Should You Get Medical Assistant Certification?

Medical assistant training and certification

MA Certification will give you greater career opportunities

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), Medical Assisting is projected to experience an annual growth rate of 31% up to the year 2020. This is almost twice the average of growth rate for all professions. Until recently, the only requirement for becoming an assistant in the healthcare field was a high school diploma or any equivalent. The lack of any validation system threatened to bring down this occupation. This has led to more employers hiring an applicant having medical assistant certification.

Aside from gaining an upper hand, despite the more stringent employment requirements, getting certified brings about advantages in terms of wages. According to a 2011 salary survey done by the AAMA, certified medical assistants earn substantially more than those who are non-certified. Employers are willing to pay higher salaries for certified assistants, as the need for better patient care is experiencing greater demand by health-oriented organizations in recent years.

The last and most important reason for getting certified is that a certification is a reassurance that you are capable of doing your job well. In an industry where people’s lives, health, and general quality of life are being dealt with, every member should be able to do their job with as few errors as possible. Getting a certification holds certain requirements that, when met, serve as an assurance that a person is well capable of fulfilling their role, and more.

Requirements for Certification Application

Eligibility for getting certified with the AAMA comes in three categories: (1) graduating students or graduates of a medical assisting program from an accredited institution, (2) non-recent graduate of a medical assisting program from an accredited institution, and (3) re-certificant. Basically, AAMA requires all applicants to be graduates or soon-to-be graduates of accredited medical assistant training programs. If you are looking to become a medical assistant, finishing a credible MA training program should be the first thing on your mind.

Medical Assisting is a job that is currently in demand, and will continue to be in the years to come. In that regard, the need to regulate the profession has been felt, and consequently met by the existence of certifying procedures for medical assistants. Certification not only assures employers of the capabilities of an applicant to work well in the medical field, but it also serves as an edge for certified medical assistants, in terms of salary and job application.

How To Become a Phlebotomist

Becoming a Phlebotomist: From Education to Certification

A large part of how to become a phlebotomist comprises the acquisition of skills necessary to the profession, along with gaining the certification required by health institutions. Phlebotomy may be one job in the medical field that is easier to aim for, however, the massive competition leads to the utter necessity to comply with as many requirements as possible in order to secure a spot in the industry.

Please watch our brief informative video.

How to Become a Phlebotomist: Basic Skills

Although manual dexterity is an essential skill involved in how to become a phlebotomist, most of the other skills required in this field encompass an individual’s interpersonal and behavioral characteristics. A phlebotomist must, first and foremost, be able to understand and cater to the needs of the patient. The ability to work with anxious and distressed patients with empathy and compassion is a must for anyone wishing to work in the medical field.

Other traits needed in this line of work involve the ability to keep calm under stressful circumstances, capacity to work as a member of a team, efficiency and orderliness, and the capability to follow instructions. These basic skills and abilities ensure systematic specimen collection, while also paving the path for minimal errors, especially of the man-made kind.

How to Become a Phlebotomist: Basic Requirements

Another important aspect of how to become a phlebotomist includes two most basic requirements: first, is a high school diploma or an equivalent (such as a GED), and second, a completion of a phlebotomy training course. These requirements, however, are as basic as it gets. Other requirements may be set by individual health institutions depending on their location or employment standards.

Training to Become a Phlebotomist

learn how to draw blood and become a phlebotomist

Learn how to draw blood and become a phlebotomist

Phlebotomy Training can take anywhere from hours to weeks, depending on the training center you choose to be affiliated with. It is imperative that you take some time deciding where to undergo your training depending on cost, number of class and training hours, and your foresight regarding employment (state, health institution, niche patients, etc).

Credible phlebotomy training programs must have a reasonable amount of hours spent in class and on-the-job training. Since phlebotomy schools are under little regulation, it is best to look up the different schools affiliated with the different phlebotomy certification tests available.

Becoming a Certified Phlebotomist

There are three credible certifying bodies available for phlebotomist trainees in the US: the American Society for Clinical Pathology (ASCP), Association for Phlebotomy Technicians (APT), and the National Phlebotomy Association (NPA). Each certifying body has differing requirements in terms of experience, hours spent in training and in class, and number of successful blood collections and/or venipunctures. Different health institutions also tend to prefer a certain type of certification, so if you already are intent on joining a certain clinic or hospital, checking their certification requirements can help you decide which certification test you should be preparing for.

Interestingly enough, becoming a phlebotomy technician does not always necessitate the need for a certification. Only the states of California and Louisiana require certification for medical professionals who are neither nurses nor doctors before they can be allowed to draw blood. This means that the importance of a certification lies in the competitive nature of employment in this field: certified phlebotomists tend to get jobs faster, coupled with the chance of getting a much better pay.

Everything about how to become a phlebotomist can seem so easy while being somewhat difficult at the same time. Most of the ease comes from the relatively short training period and the basic social skills required of a phlebotomist. On the other hand, the difficulties lie in the competitiveness of the industry, and the varying requirements set by different states, certifying bodies, and individual health institutions. Deciding a certain path to take in terms of training and certification can make you gain an edge in the industry, while making the most of your resources, especially in terms of finances and time.

What is a Phlebotomy Technician

The Phlebotomist is an Important Part of the Medical Team

Are you interested to know more about becoming a certified phlebotomy technician?  The practice of medicine in the healthcare sector evolves, just as everything in the world does. It continues to branch out into various professional roles, creating jobs and careers that are specialized in a certain area or field in the health sector.

With technological advancements and specialist roles continually being developed, the diagnostic area of the medical industry is one of the branches that is always advancing. Due to the continual growth in more specialized areas, the practice of phlebotomy evolved. The job of the phlebotomist is defined as the procedure that involves collecting blood and fluid samples and storing them in a way in which they will be kept uncontaminated and ready for diagnostic or laboratory testing.

The Need for Phlebotomy Technicians

phlebotomy technician

Phlebotomy Technician

Because of this continuous evolution, we now see a big demand for phlebotomy technicians. These qualified people receive a good salary. In the foreseeable future job opportunities and salaries are likely to increase because of the needed work force.

A phlebotomy technician that works in a hospital basically has the task of collecting blood samples or other fluid specimen to store and transport for diagnostic testing, or in future use for patients who need blood transfusions such as patients who are suffering from kidney failure. The first step to ensure that you land a job at a reputable hospital is to get certification, which is given to students who have passed the necessary training in phlebotomy schools.

By enrolling in and receiving proper training offered by a reputable school, you will become more confident and develop the required skills to become a certified phlebotomy technician. In the United States, the average salary of a phlebotomy technician is around $30000 per year which will continue to increase as you gain more experience in the practice.

The field of medical diagnostics plays an important role in the healthcare sector. Proper diagnosis results in easier treatment. The phlebotomist is vital in this process of diagnosis, and therefore requires appropriate training.

Phlebotomy Technician Training and Career Opportunities

Training courses impart knowledge of medical related courses such as human anatomy and physiology to ensure that you are well versed in the procedure and proper patient management. The training will teach you how to draw blood from the patient without too much discomfort to the patient. During the course you are also taught about how to compose yourself when the procedure is being done so that there will be less hassle to both you, the phlebotomist, and the patient.

This profession does entail hard work but the effort will surely pay off. The phlebotomy technician salary is good, so you can be sure of a financially stable career and satisfying way of living. Jumpstart your career by enrolling in a good school and passing the examination. You can search for a good school right here.

Phlebotomy Training Course Information

Phlebotomist Training Courses For a Rewarding Career

phlebotomy training course

If you are planning to have a career in phlebotomy, then you should know that it is important to undergo a proper and certified phlebotomy training course. To help you understand the practice, let us start with the explanation of the functions and tasks of a phlebotomist.

When an infection or health complication is present, a patient goes to the doctor for consultation and possible treatment procedures. In most cases, the doctor would have the patient undergo a series of diagnostic tests to properly identify the problem or the case. These tests require collection of blood or fluid samples. The procedure for taking the specimen needs proper precautions and safety methods to ensure that the specimen will have no contamination.

With this being said, the task of the phlebotomist is defined as the professional technician that collects and stores blood or other fluid samples to be used for future diagnosis or tests.

This is an intricate practice that involves collecting of blood and so it is crucial that only a person who has undergone a phlebotomy training course should perform and carry out the task.

What You Will Get From The Phlebotomy Training Course

phlebotomy training course information

Is a phlebotomy training course right for you?

To minimize any infection or misleading results of tests, a reputable training course will give you knowledge of medical topics such as human anatomy and physiology so as to fully be able to understand and put the skill of drawing blood into practice. In addition to drawing blood you are also instructed in storage and disposing methods.

Depending on the institute or school, the duration of a phlebotomy training course might range from a few weeks to a year, after which you will be required to sit an exam. With the training you will be exposed to the components critical to the practice such as theory or lectures and hands on experience. After completing the program you can either take an exam at your school or online. By taking the exam online you will be able to know your score immediately, although you will not be considered certified until those scores are processed by the appropriate authority.

The Importance of a Proper Training Course

By ensuring that you have completed a reputable course there is a larger probability that you will land a job with respected hospitals and other healthcare institutions such as blood banks.

Having proper training is also important because patients should receive best the treatment with little discomfort and pain. A variety of patients, from children to the elderly, are expected to be handled by a phlebotomist and so it is crucial that you learn how to deal with each.

An individual who has not been exposed to proper training may find difficulty in handling patient management cases. This is one of the practices offered in the course. A phlebotomist must have a caring approach even if the patient is difficult to deal with.

These are some of the reasons why it is important to attend a proper phlebotomy training program, and you should now research details and locations of the best courses by using the resource boxes on this website. Browse through our school network to find which one offers accredited training near you. There are also options to take an online phlebotomy course, so you can earn your degree in the comfort of your own home.