What to Expect in Phlebotomy Training

Phlebotomy Training CoursesPhlebotomy is a branch of medicine that deals with drawing out blood samples to be used in diagnosing a patient’s health condition.  In previous years nurses and medical technicians carried out this crucial task of obtaining blood samples.  But now specialist training enables phlebotomists to carry out the role of making localized insertions to effectively draw blood from the veins without causing discomfort.

The training usually lasts for six to twelve months and consists of two parts, the first of which is a series of lectures and introduction to the key aspects, while the latter half is the clinical phase.   The first half is mostly concentrated in medical-related lectures and discussions. One may ask why the need for such study if all a phlebotomist does is to make incisions and draw blood samples.  With this kind of thinking, it is best to revisit the duties of the profession.  The theoretical phase of the training is in preparation for the clinical portion.

Phlebotomy Training Syllabus: Theoretical Background

An aspiring phlebotomist should be well-versed and trained in five major areas, namely: Human Physiology and Anatomy, Needle Technique, Patient Interaction, Sample Handling Methods and Efficient Records Keeping.  But prior to these more advanced and case specific lectures, students must already have an overview of certain medical conditions and procedures.  It will also be helpful if they have the mastery of the different medical supplies and instruments used in every procedure.

Once you have decided to be part of the medical team as a phlebotomist, then you should be prepared for a minimum of 40 credit hours for formal lecture alone.  Expect that the training to be rigorous especially when it comes to the clinical phase.

Phlebotomy Training Syllabus: Practical Application

The second half of phlebotomy training is the application of all the theory discussed during the initial phase.  Usually students are assigned in hospitals or diagnostic centers.  There will be a required number of blood draws that a trainee must administer.  With each succeeding patient, a trainee is expected to be able to improve on the practical aspects of the training such as patient interaction.

Since the procedure for drawing blood samples is invasive, phlebotomy trainees must learn the basics of caring for the patient prior, during and after the incision.  It is also in this part of the training where a trainee learns the techniques of venipuncture.  And since blood is used as a reliable method for diagnostics, students are also taught how to avoid or control infections and contamination so as to keep the integrity of the sample intact.

After completing the two phases of the training program, trainees may apply for the phlebotomy certification exam.  After passing the examination the certification will be awarded.  Hospitals and diagnostic centers employ certified phlebotomists as part of a competent medical team.  In fact, some medical allied professionals are encouraged to undergo venipuncture training which is tailored for their specific job requirements.  After all, this will also be an edge on their part, and you can be a participant in this rewarding field of health care.


Steps to Become a Certified Phlebotomist

phlebotomy training certification

Phlebotomy is one field of medicine which requires certification in some states.  There are several governing bodies and institutions in this field.  They are responsible for standardizing a set coursework that will measure the competence of the aspiring phlebotomist.  Today, there are several governing bodies and organizations that offer training courses or grant certification.

Like any other job, this requires effort and time as the applicant must complete the training standardized by the governing agencies.  Aside from completing the phlebotomy training courses and passing the exams, part of the whole training program is covering specified hours of on-the-job training.  This is a recent requirement imposed by hospitals before a certified phlebotomist can practice the profession without supervision from any medical staff.


 1. Prepare for Education

With the continuous rise of phlebotomy as a lucrative career, more and more institutions are offering phlebotomy training courses.  The training typically covers a minimum of 40 hours of lecture and may last from three months to one year depending on the curriculum of your chosen school.

It is a plus factor that these schools offer different methods of payment.  You can even select from online classes or traditional classes.  Students can also apply for study grants to help with the cost of education.

 2. Enroll at an Accredited School

Before galloping excitedly to the nearest school, make sure that the school is accredited by the national governing body. No certification will be granted for those who took the course from schools which are not accredited.

 3. Attend Lectures

The first part of the training is  itself encompasses subjects from human anatomy, mastery of phlebotomy equipment, introduction to medical terminology, blood sampling and collection techniques, laboratory procedures, management of health records and safety procedures.  This theoretical portion prepares a student to better perform the tasks once assigned to a clinical set-up.

 4. Apply Theoretical Lessons During Clinical Practice

Students will then be assigned to various clinics, hospitals or diagnostic centers where under supervision they can practice everything they have learned during theoreticals.  Before becoming a certified phlebotomist, supervisors assist a student in properly conducting 100 sets of blood draws throughout the clinical phase.  It is for this reason that traditional classes are better than online courses.

 5. Take Written Exams

Whether you enrolled in an online course or chose the classroom lectures, you still need to pass an exam.  Online students may either take the exam from accredited testing centers or online also.  You can receive the results faster if you opt for the latter.

 6. Process Application for Certification

Once you have finished all steps above, submit an application to the governing body in your state.  You may look into additional requirements as this may vary depending on which state you are planning to practice your profession.  Then once you receive your certification you may start your career by applying for employment as a phlebotomist.

Some organizations still continue to give additional exams even after you were given a certification.  The aim of which is to provide additional knowledge since we all know that there are always new discoveries and advancements in the field of technology and medicine.

Become a Certified Nursing Assistant with CNA Training

Becoming a Certified Nursing Assistant is a fulfilling career choice. Once you have your CNA qualification, where can you go from here to advance your career? It is definitely possible to further your career options as a CNA.

So is it worth getting CNA 2 (CNA II) certification?

Yes it is. It is beneficial to obtain CNA 2 (CNA II) Acute Care qualification, since it allows you to get employment in hospitals where you can get more learning. Also you are able work more with professionals.

What is CNA 2?

The CNA (Certified Nursing Assistant) is a healthcare professional. They assist healthcare specialists and provide medical care to patients and care facility residents. They are sometimes called nursing aides or orderlies.

CNA 2 is divided into three areas of speciality:

  • Acute Care – usually in a hospital setting.
  • Restoritive Care – usually in a rehabilitation setting.
  • Dementia Care – usually in a memory care setting.

The Certified Nursing Assistant with level 2 qualification is able to do more things than a CNA 1. The CNA 2 can perform additional duties such as insert urinary catheters, some suctioning, some ostomy care, flush IV tubing and monitor flow rate, remove naso-gastric feeding tubes, and change sterile dressings on wounds two days or older.

What is the CNA 2 Training Program?

Certified Nursing Assistant 2 training curriculum provides a greater level of knowledge and abilities than a CNA 1 training program. The program also teaches the concepts of safety and preventing complications.

A program will typically consist of 40 hours of classroom and lab skills demonstration, and 24 hours of clinical practicum

Rowan-Cabarrus Community College, a leader in healthcare training, advises that CNA 2 (CNA II) training programs take 14 weeks to complete.

Before completing the clinical training, you will need to provide the following:

  • Immunization records (TB, MMR, Tdap, Chickenpox, and Hepatitis B)
  • Drug screening
  • Pass a criminal background check

Once you have completed the Certified Nursing Assistant training program, you will be eligible for employment as CNA 2, and even in positions such as Patient Care Technician, Treatment Nurse, Advanced CNA Care Provider or Technical Nurse Assistant in a hospital, Long Term Care Facility, Kidney Dialysis or Private Home.

CNA-Certified-Nursing-Assistant-TrainingWhat are CNA Job Prospects?

Since the elderly population is rising, it is expected that the demand for CNA’s will increase. Therefore more nursing homes will open, and more hospitalization of the elderly will be needed, increasing the need for competent CNAs.

A slight drawback is that there may be fewer CNA 2 job listings than for CNA 1. However once you have registered as a CNA 2 you will be able to transition when a position becomes available. Most CNA 2 employment is in hospitals, so you will be working in a professional environment and will get more clinical experience.

Intensive Care Units (ICU) and Emergency Departments (ED) do not normally hire people with only CNA 1 level, but require CNA 2 (CNA II) qualification. Completing your CNA 2 training and getting hired into one of those departments should prepare you well for a Registered Nurse (RN) position, once you have completed further training in a nursing program at an appropriate college or university of course.

What is the CNA 2 Salary?

The average salary of a certified nursing assistant is over $24,000 per year . Salaries, or pay rates, are fairly similar to that of CNA’s. Nevertheless, with level 2 registration you should be able to receive a slightly better salary since you have further education and are able to perform more skills. While you are benefiting by getting more clinical experience, a slightly higher pay rate would always be welcome!

Become a CNA and Beyond!

If you are wanting to become a nurse then getting your CNA 2 training and certification is worth it. Get as much experience as you can. It shows the HR officers in the hospitals who will employ you that you are serious about advancing both your career and yourself.

You can search for training classes in your area at the top of this page.


Top 10 Cities For Phlebotomy Salaries

Top 10 cities for phlebotomy salaries

Salaries for phlebotomy technicians can vary according to your state and location. The size of the city where you practice is often an indication also of your rate of pay. Simply put, practicing in major cities usually pays more.

America’s Top 10 Cities For Phlebotomist Pay – Phlebotomy Training …

“This list reflects the top 10 cities in America for phlebotomist pay according to the latest official salary data.
Salaries, on average, are significantly higher in major metropolitan areas – particularly those in the nation’s most-populous states – but there are exceptions to this rule.


Naturally the cost of living in a major metropolitan area can be significantly higher than, say, in a rural area, so be sure to factor in the increased expenses before packing up and moving up to a higher paying job.

Five Things to Check When Choosing Phlebotomy Courses

Phlebotomy Courses

A phlebotomy training program is one that is intended to prepare students to become skilled technicians. These technicians work in close relation with nurses, doctors and other professionals in the health industry. The areas covered in the a training program should include such things as anatomy and physiology of body systems, pathological conditions, medical terminology, patient record management, use and care of blood collection and lab equipment, handling and transporting blood, processing blood specimens for analysis, and how to monitor quality control.

Choosing a school is never an easy thing, considering the wide array of schools that claim to have the best type of program. You therefore need to consider some factors carefully before settling for a particular training course. We will go through various points to ensure that you do not get disappointed in the long-run. Here are some of the most important things to consider in a school before you enroll for phlebotomy training classes.

  1. Certified. Accreditation is with no doubt one of the most crucial factors to look at. You need to make sure that the school you seek the program from is recognized by the relevant authorities that are involved in certification in your state. This ensures that you do not commit your time and money in taking a training program at a school that is either not credible or has been misrepresented. This is a real risk and you can read more about it on this website. This website is dedicated in helping you make the right decision for your training and your future.
  1. Cost. The quote that you are given for the program fees should be sensible. In essence, you need to make sure that the quote has no additional or hidden charges. A good school will ensure transparency in its quotes at all times. As such, a school that is worth looking at will not spend time hiding fees to trick people.
  1. Reputation. The school also needs to be reputable. This means that it should be well established and, more importantly, it should have a good record. This way you ensure that you will have no regrets with your choice. Be sure to read the online customer reviews, if available, to see what schools can be trusted.
  1. Support. More importantly, you need to make sure that there is maximum student support. You want to make sure that you will have no problems when it comes to submitting assignments and consulting the staff. The student support should be readily available.
  1. Experience. Lastly, we wish to reiterate that it’s best to ensure that the school has been in existence for a sensible period of time. Settling on a few that are already well-established makes more sense than taking a risk with unproven, recently established schools. This way you can be sure that the tutors offering the phlebotomy courses are experienced and can impart their knowledge and the correct procedures.

Just as long as these factors are carefully looked into, you should expect no disappointments whatsoever in choosing a phlebotomy training course.

Information on Cardio-Phlebotomy Technician Programs

cardio-phlebotomy technician

If you’ve heard of an EKG technician, phlebotomy and IV, then it’s likely that you’ve got an interest in learning more about cardio-phlebotomy technician training programs. These programs combine the skills from the EKG (Electrocardiography) technician, phlebotomy and IV (Intravenous therapy). When you go through such a program, you get the ability to operate the EKG monitors, carry out DNA tests, interpret the reports from these monitors, interpret heart rhythm, as well as draw blood. The classes also prepare you to effectively carry out venipuncture procedures, collect blood, as well as control infections. People who go for this kind of program are mostly employed in hospitals. In the United States, heart diseases are considered as the number one killer, which explains why a cardio-phlebotomy technician will always be in demand.

Students who graduate with a cardio-phlebotomy certificate are eligible to work in dialysis clinics, catheterization laboratories (or cath labs) and plasma centers. To enroll in this program, you must have a GED or a high school diploma.

As far as the salaries go, these technicians can earn an average of $26,000 per year. However, the salary can be more or less depending on factors such as level of experience, location and size of the facility. You can go for the associate degree for an entry job, or go for a bachelor’s degree for more advanced jobs in treating cardiovascular diseases.

To get the best school for this cardio-phlebotomy technician course, you should make sure that you have in mind a few specific factors. To begin with, you need to ensure that the school you seek to get the training from is within your financial means. You need to compare the fees that various schools are offering so you can settle on some that suit your budget. Then you should settle on one that offers the program at an affordable price without necessarily compromising on the quality.

You should also ensure that the school is certified by the relevant national and state authorities. This ensures that you don’t commit to your education for months or even years only to discover that the school is not permitted by law to offer such a course. You should therefore take time to seek referrals to the best colleges and schools from the people who are already working in the area and profession.

Better still, you should make sure that the school you seek has an excellent record. This way, you get assurance that the training program will be recognized, together with your qualifications. Performing a background check on the professors offering the program ensures that you can be confident about the education that you are seeking.

Experienced and certified lecturers see to it that all students get the desired knowledge and skills by the best methods possible. Lastly, you need to make sure that the school you go for is conveniently located. It makes no sense to enroll in a school that you will find inconvenient to attend lectures.

These are factors that we recommend to ensure that you look for when selecting a school for a cardio-phlebotomy technician course.

EKG Phlebotomy Technician Training Programs

EKG phlebotomy technician training programs

Becoming an EKG/Phlebotomy Technician is a way of expanding your skills and employment potential. There are a several schools that actually offer EKG (or ECG, Electrocardiography) and Phlebotomy training in combination.

Frequently the same person in a medical facility will perform the functions of both an EKG Technician and a Phlebotomy Technician.

EKG Technicians perform electrocardiogram tests which monitor and record the electrical impulses that are transmitted by the heart. Physicians use this information in diagnosing and treating cardiac and blood vessel irregularities. The tests may record information over 24 – 48 hours utilizing portable monitoring equipment, and stress tests using a treadmill.

Phlebotomy Technicians perform blood sampling, drawing blood from patients for diagnosis. They generally work under supervision of laboratory managers or medical technologists.

The EKG training in combination with phlebotomy training program produces technicians skilled in multiple laboratory techniques. They are responsible primarily for collecting blood samples for diagnosis. However they may collect other types of specimen such as urine, stool and culture.  However the technician will also be able to analyse EKG.

Most of these specialized training courses will give you knowledge and skills in the following areas.

  • Anatomy and physiology of the human heart
  • Medical terminology
  • Phlebotomy procedures
  • Infection control
  • Blood collection procedures
  • Collection procedures for other specimens
  • EKG machine operation
  • EKG printout analysis
  • Identification of Myocardial Infraction changes
  • Understanding and distinguishing Arrhythmias

Once you have completed an EKG/Phlebotomy training course you’ll be able to do the appropriate lab work, monitor EKG equipment, collect blood and non-blood samples, and handle the necessary paperwork.

Entry requirements for these training programs is a High School diploma, although schools allow you to sit an entrance exam if you don’t have a diploma. The course duration is usually between 8 weeks and 6 months.

Many states in the US don’t require that an EKG or Phlebotomy Technician be licensed or certified. However after successful completion of the training course you will receive a Certificate of Completion.  You will then be eligible to sit National Healthcare Association (NHA) exams for certification. The NHA is a leading Allied Health Medical Certification provider, dedicated to improving the quality of health care.

Employment of clinical laboratory workers (which includes phlebotomy technicians) is expected to grow as the volume of laboratory tests increases due to population growth and aging of the population, according to the US Department of Labor’s Bureau of Labor Statistics. Opportunities for healthcare technicians (including EKG Technicians) is predicted to grow at above average rate.

In the future if you want to continue your career education, some hospitals hire nursing students who have EKG and phlebotomy skills. Therefore training to become an EKG/Phlebotomy Technician is a wise choice to make for your future. Becoming a multi-skilled technician will increase your healthcare employment opportunities!

Example of Phlebotomy Tutorial

There are tutorials, and then there are Tutorials. Naturally, the courses are specialized within the health discipline and should be of a high standard. There are, of course, many ways to teach the same skills, and it is wise to find out exactly what the school is offering in the way of course objectives and outcomes.

We recommend that you find out as much as possible about the actual course. What is the content of the program? What does it provide? What processes, regulations and medical equipment will you learn?

phlebotomist tutorial

Here is an example of a tutorial program by the University of Utah.

Tutorial | Phlebotomy

“Blood collection, routine venipuncture and specimen handling”

Objectives for the tutorial:

  • Describe and perform the venipuncture process including:
    1. Proper patient identification procedures.
    2. Proper equipment selection and use.
    3. Proper labeling procedures and completion of laboratory requisitions.
    4. Order of draw for multiple tube phlebotomy.
    5. Preferred venous access sites, and factors to consider in site selection, and ability to differentiate between the feel of a vein, tendon and artery.
    6. Patient care following completion of venipuncture.
    7. Safety and infection control procedures.
    8. Quality assurance issues.
  • Identify the additive, additive function, volume, and specimen considerations to be followed for each of the various color coded tubes.
  • List six areas to be avoided when performing venipuncture and the reasons for the restrictions.
  • Summarize the problems that may be encountered in accessing a vein, including the procedure to follow when a specimen is not obtained.
  • List several effects of exercise, posture, and tourniquet application upon laboratory values.

Read more here:




Schools will provide you their training program information prior to the enrollment process, or upon request. With many of them you will find it on their website. Make a point of reading through the program objectives, content and training requirements before selecting a school to attend. This will ensure that you don’t waste your money enrolling for a course that won’t give you the job skills and qualifications that you need to get ahead in your phlebotomy career.

Be Very Careful Before Paying For a Phlebotomist Training Program

When you’re looking for training in the allied health field, it is vital to do some research into the school that you’re thinking of enrolling with. We always insist that the student look closely at both the training and the school offering it. Otherwise you may end up with an unhealthy debt and a qualification that isn’t worth the paper it is printed on. Check out this story by Marimer Matos.

Students Blast Virginia College in Federal Court

Phlebotomy training

“Seven students claim in court that Virginia College, which got $293 million in federal student loan aid last year, lures minorities into its medical assistance program at up to $20,000 a pop for ‘worthless degrees.’

Lead plaintiff Tiffeny Anderson sued Virginia College and the Education Corporation of America, in Federal Court. Both defendants are based in Birmingham, Ala.

The students claim the school’s medical assistant program ‘did not meet the minimal standards set by its own accrediting agency.’ And, they say, ‘the fraudulent practices of Virginia College, and its failure to adequately train, educate, and certify plaintiffs has left them deeply in debt, unable to find employment, and unable to make minimum monthly payments on their student loans. The plaintiffs are left with the choice of either staying in perpetual deferment – causing loan balances to skyrocket – or facing default.'”



We can’t stress enough how you must be careful about where and how you get your phlebotomy training. However there are many excellent schools offering just what you need, and with the right attitude and attention you will get the best education for a happy and rewarding career!

Phlebotomy Training Online Options

Phlebotomy Training Online: What, Why, and How

Choosing online phlebotomy training programs can be as much a matter of preference as accessibility. Phlebotomy training online has its advantages that have made it an obvious choice for many in recent years. However it is not without its demerits. It is vital that you know what online training can do for you, and how you should go about choosing a program that is right for you.

Phlebotomy training online

Online training is a convenient option

Phlebotomy Training Online and Offline: Similarities and Differences

With the onset of the World Wide Web, more and more people have chosen to do their business online, mostly due to accessibility and cost. This holds true even for acquiring additional skills and further education. Physical and virtual phlebotomy training programs differ, mostly, when it comes to classes and facilities for hands-on training.


Both physical and virtual training programs expose their students to the same basic knowledge: basic anatomy and physiology, blood composition, sampling procedures, lab safety, and basic life support and CPR. Physical training courses, however, tend to have rigid class schedules, whereas online training courses can be less imposing.

Another thing to note is that physical training programs tend to be relatively long – the most credible ones can last anywhere from 6 to 24 months. On the other hand, you have more options for training duration when it comes to phlebotomy training online. Some refresher training sessions can be finished within a matter of hours, whereas some programs for beginners can be finished in as little as a couple of weeks. More comprehensive programs, on the other hand, can last anywhere from a couple of months to a couple of years.

Facilities For Training

Most, if not all, brick-and-mortar phlebotomy training schools have predetermined practice schedules and locations arranged by the school. For many phlebotomy training online courses, however, the students will have to be the ones handling these arrangements. For those wishing to get certified at some point, getting some hands-on experience is of vital importance.

Those wishing to become phlebotomists who are currently affiliated with or employed at any health institution willing to offer hands-on phlebotomy training, may find online training to be a good option. For those who are going into phlebotomy from scratch, a wise option would be to enroll in a school that can make their hands-on training arrangements for them. This ideally means enrolling in a physical school, however an increasing number of online schools have been offering this service as well.

How to Make the Most Out of Your Phlebotomy Training Online

Prior to making your choice of which phlebotomy training online program to take, you have to weigh the benefits against cost and disadvantages. This is so you can get the most out of your investment and get the best edge when applying for certification and employment. The areas that you need to cover when making the decision should include accreditation, coverage and duration of the program, and cost.

Check for Accreditation

Enrolling in accredited training programs increases your chances of getting certified faster as well as getting hired faster. Accredited schools have more carefully designed curricula, which means you get the most relevant information and, essentially, the best value for your buck.

Other Considerations for Choosing a Program

Online phlebotomy training program

Start your career by taking online training

The first and most important things that you have to consider when choosing your program are coverage and duration. You have to make this decision based on your current level of skill and knowledge. Prior work and classroom exposure can make shorter refresher courses a better option, whereas little to no exposure calls for longer and more comprehensive programs.

Another consideration should be regarding hands-on training. It is best to enroll in a training program that does all the training arrangements for you. But if it isn’t much of a trouble to make those arrangements yourself, then you can make your choice regardless of a program’s offering on this aspect.

The last, but not the least, consideration concerns cost. Many phlebotomy training online programs have, basically, similar curricula. You would be surprised to find, however, just how varied the costs are between these similar programs. Do your research on the programs you have already shortlisted based on the curriculum you have in mind. Look for those who have finished the courses you want to take via the internet and interview them regarding their experiences with the course. These steps should be sufficient in giving you an idea regarding the programs that are worth your investment.