Phlebotomy is a branch of medicine that deals with drawing out blood samples to be used in diagnosing a patient’s health condition. In previous years nurses and medical technicians carried out this crucial task of obtaining blood samples. But now specialist training enables phlebotomists to carry out the role of making localized insertions to effectively draw blood from the veins without causing discomfort.
The training usually lasts for six to twelve months and consists of two parts, the first of which is a series of lectures and introduction to the key aspects, while the latter half is the clinical phase. The first half is mostly concentrated in medical-related lectures and discussions. One may ask why the need for such study if all a phlebotomist does is to make incisions and draw blood samples. With this kind of thinking, it is best to revisit the duties of the profession. The theoretical phase of the training is in preparation for the clinical portion.
Phlebotomy Training Syllabus: Theoretical Background
An aspiring phlebotomist should be well-versed and trained in five major areas, namely: Human Physiology and Anatomy, Needle Technique, Patient Interaction, Sample Handling Methods and Efficient Records Keeping. But prior to these more advanced and case specific lectures, students must already have an overview of certain medical conditions and procedures. It will also be helpful if they have the mastery of the different medical supplies and instruments used in every procedure.
Once you have decided to be part of the medical team as a phlebotomist, then you should be prepared for a minimum of 40 credit hours for formal lecture alone. Expect that the training to be rigorous especially when it comes to the clinical phase.
Phlebotomy Training Syllabus: Practical Application
The second half of phlebotomy training is the application of all the theory discussed during the initial phase. Usually students are assigned in hospitals or diagnostic centers. There will be a required number of blood draws that a trainee must administer. With each succeeding patient, a trainee is expected to be able to improve on the practical aspects of the training such as patient interaction.
Since the procedure for drawing blood samples is invasive, phlebotomy trainees must learn the basics of caring for the patient prior, during and after the incision. It is also in this part of the training where a trainee learns the techniques of venipuncture. And since blood is used as a reliable method for diagnostics, students are also taught how to avoid or control infections and contamination so as to keep the integrity of the sample intact.
After completing the two phases of the training program, trainees may apply for the phlebotomy certification exam. After passing the examination the certification will be awarded. Hospitals and diagnostic centers employ certified phlebotomists as part of a competent medical team. In fact, some medical allied professionals are encouraged to undergo venipuncture training which is tailored for their specific job requirements. After all, this will also be an edge on their part, and you can be a participant in this rewarding field of health care.